Nov 30, 2022  
Academic Catalog 2021-2022 
    
Academic Catalog 2021-2022 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Courses


 

Optometry

  
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    OPT 716 - Specialty Contact Lenses


    3 credit(s)
    This course covers the principles of fitting rigid and soft contact lenses for the correction of astigmatism, presbyopia, and irregular corneal shapes.
  
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    OPT 716L - Lab-Specialty Contact Lenses


    .5 credit(s)
    Hands-on laboratory that supplements lecture material from OPT 716 .
  
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    OPT 718 - Advanced Optometric Case Analysis


    2 credit(s)
    Integration of various models of interpreting clinical data. Normal and abnormal visual performances including statistical interpretations of optometric data. Distance, nearpoint, and prism lens prescription procedures.
  
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    OPT 722 - Patient Care VI


    1.5 credit(s)
    Supervised clinical practice including the examination, diagnosis, analysis, treatment, and management of selected patients in Pacific University affiliated clinics.
    Prerequisite(s): OPT 715 
  
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    OPT 723 - Patient Care VII


    1.5 credit(s)
    Supervised clinical practice including the examination, diagnosis, analysis, treatment, and management of selected patients in Pacific University affiliated clinics.
    Prerequisite(s): OPT 722 
  
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    OPT 725 - Strabismus and Amblyopia


    3 credit(s)
    This course covers the evaluation and treatment of amblyopia and strabismus. Emphasis will be on preparation to perform a sequential, planned examination and to develop a treatment strategy applicable in a primary care setting. Various forms of treatment such as refraction, occlusion, orthoptics and vision therapy, pharmacological and surgical approaches are discussed. The clinical outcomes of these procedures will be reviewed. Anomalous correspondence and other cases that may best be handled by a subspecialist will be discussed, but not as emphasized. Aspects of co-management including communication skills will be covered.
  
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    OPT 725L - Lab-Strabismus and Amblyopia


    1 credit(s)
    Hands-on laboratory that supplements lecture material from OPT 725 .
  
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    OPT 727 - Patients with Perceptual Problems


    2 credit(s)
    This course covers the observation and participation in evaluations and therapy appropriate for patients having visual-perceptual problems associated with learning difficulties, traumatic/acquired brain injury, and developmental abnormalities. Procedures for guiding and modifying visual performance, co-management strategies and communication skills. Development of treatment plans and consideration of community resources available to patients with perceptual problems.
  
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    OPT 727L - Lab-Perceptual Problems


    Hands-on laboratory that supplements lecture material from OPT 727 .
  
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    OPT 728 - Low Vision


    2 credit(s)
    This course covers the complete optometric care for individuals with visual impairment. Both the theoretical information needed to fully understand low vision devices and related aids and services, and the clinical application of this knowledge, will be presented.
  
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    OPT 730 - Biomed Ethics IV


    0.25 credit(s)
    The fourth in a series of courses to help students recognize ethical/professionalism dilemmas, how to manage, and who to consult, if needed. The topics in this phase are specific to the legal administrative rules and standard of care within the profession of optometry.
  
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    OPT 733 - Ocular Disease IV


    2 credit(s)
    This course covers advanced concepts in glaucoma, diabetes, neuro-ophthalmology and retinal disease including macular abnormalities, retinal detachment and vascular disease.
  
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    OPT 733L - Lab-Ocular Disease IV


    1 credit(s)
    Hands-on laboratory that supplements lecture material from OPT 733 . Laboratory includes refinement of techniques for evaluation of the optic nerve and retina such as scleral indentation and three mirror fundus evaluations. In addition, methods of evaluation and documentation such as extended ophthalmoscopy, ocular photography and scanning lasers are included.
  
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    OPT 734 - Ocular Manifest of Neurologic Disease


    2 credit(s)
    Diagnosis of important neurologic diseases that disrupt the visual system. This elective’s particular emphasis will be on increasing the clinician’s suspicion that a neurologic dysfunction underlies the ocular manifestation in order to efficiently initiate patient co-management. Common entities such as pupils, lids, headaches, and functional vision loss will be examined in great detail as well as ocular and behavioral manifestations of regional brain dysfunction and other conditions that provide clinical challenges.
  
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    OPT 735 - Applied Ocular Therapeutics


    1 credit(s)
    The use of medications in the treatment of ocular disease, including adnexal, anterior segment, and posterior segment disorders. Emphasis is placed on the clinical thinking process for determining the most appropriate management of a particular disease, emphasizing the therapeutic drug or drugs for effective treatment.
  
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    OPT 736 - Clinical Rounds


    0.5 credit(s)
    An interactive seminar course utilizing clinical cases presentations and a literature review to illustrate the evaluation and management of ocular disorders.
  
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    OPT 737 - Advanced Pediatric Optometry


    1 credit(s)
    This course covers advanced topics in pediatric care with emphasis on optometric managemnt of special populations. Additional topics will be addressed through case presentations including evaluation and management of pediatric anterior and posterior segment diseases, vision-related learning problems, refractive, binocular and non-organic vision changes. Pediatric practice management tips will also be offered.
    Prerequisite(s): OPT 714 .
  
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    OPT 740 - Seminar in Contact Lenses


    2 credit(s)
    This elective course offers a detailed review of a wide range of modern innovations emerging in the contact lens industry. Advanced technologies including new multifocal lens designs, scleral lenses, custom soft contact lenses and advanced hybrid lens designs. Special emphasis on the use of orthokeratology lenses in the contemporary optometric practice.
  
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    OPT 743 - Neurorehabilitative Optometry


    2 credit(s)
    This elective course provides an overview of traumatic and acquired brain injury and how it impacts vision. Emphasis is given to subjective and objective visual function including different types/severities of brain injury. Coverage includes neurological pathophysiology and assessment, examination methods, ocular and systemic health; treatment and management strategies. Introduction to multidisciplinary management and obtaining hospital privileges.
  
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    OPT 746 - Sports and Recreational Vision


    2 credit(s)
    The theory and practice of sports vision is presented in detail. The course emphasizes exploration of the research base supporting sports vision services, analysis of visual and environmental task demands in sports, evaluation procedures for athletes, and optometric intervention approaches. Strategies for practice development are discussed. The emphasis of the lab portion will be integration of didactic information with instrumentation used in sports vision.
  
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    OPT 749 - Refractive Surgery


    1.5 credit(s)
    This course provides an overview of the surgical and laser treatments of refractive error including historical and state of the art techniques, basic science of lasers, aberrations, and intraocular lenses, patient selection factors and protocols for co-management, the diagnosis, treatment, and management of postoperative complications and the role of optometry in refractive surgery.
  
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    OPT 752 - Basic Spanish for Optometry


    1 credit(s)
    This elective course teaches the Spanish language essential for conducting an optometric examination.
    Prerequisite(s): Minimum 1 year beginning/conversational Spanish or consent of instructor.
  
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    OPT 753 - Seminar Visual Prob Relate to Learn Dis


    2 credit(s)
    This course serves as both an optometry student elective course and a MEd/VFL core requirement couse. The course focuses on the role of vision in relation to educational, psychological, speech/language and reading performance. A multidisciplinary perspective is emphasized in the diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities. The interrelationships between psycho-educational test results and visual functions such as eye movements, refractive status, accommodative- convergence function and visual information processing are discussed in light of current research and case analysis.
  
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    OPT 753L - Lab-Visual Prob Relate to Learn Dis


    1 credit(s)
    This is a companion course to OPT 753 -Visual Problems that Relate to Learning Disabilities. It can only be taken in conjunction with OPT 753  and is required for those enrolled in the MEd/VFL program. Students will conduct independent research, case series report, or clinical observations to supplement knowledge/experience in the area of vision-related learning disabilities.
  
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    OPT 755 - Special Topics


    .25-6 Credits credit(s)
    See department for course description.
  
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    OPT 756 - Independent Study


    Independent Study. Instructor’s consent required.
  
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    OPT 757 - Ophthalmic Imaging


    1 credit(s)
    This elective course teaches techniques associated with capturing ophthalmic images. Use of non-mydriatic fundus cameras, traditional fundus cameras, and anterior segment slit lamp cameras. Video, film and digital image capture techniques; the use of computer enhancement/modification of images.
  
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    OPT 758 - Genomics in Eye Care


    1 credit(s)
    Genetics focuses on the effect of single genes in disease, whereas genomics attempts to examine the interactions of multiple genes and environmental factors underlying the pathophysiological processes. Numerous common disorders affecting the eyes (e.g. diabetes, glaucoma, macular degeneration) are widely accepted to involve multiple genes. This elective will introduce and discuss several applicable topics of genomic medicine for eye care professionals.
  
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    OPT 759 - Geriatric Optometry


    .5 credit(s)
    This course, Geriatric optometry focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of visual problems in the elderly. The course covers various topics on providing effective vision care for seniors, as well as lifestyle considerations in the overall co-management of this population.
  
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    OPT 761 - Public Health Optometry


    2 credit(s)
    This course instructs and provides insight on how the profession of optometry is an integral partner to the overall public health system in America. Students will learn how local, state, and federal governments promote and protect the vision health of individuals and communities through the development of data driven policies, economic funding, services, regulations, and education.
  
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    OPT 762 - Communication in Opt Practice


    1 credit(s)
    The theory and practice of doctor-to-patient communication is presented, emphasizing methods to augment skills in patient interviewing (case history), patient management, case presentation and consultation, and staff communication. Verbal, nonverbal, and written communication issues are discussed. Students will participate in peer and self-evaluation, observation and participation in simulated patient communication scenarios, and the utilization of video recordings to analyze strengths and weaknesses in patient communication. Communications issues unique to specific patient populations will also be discussed in order to improve understanding and management of these patients.
  
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    OPT 762L - Lab-Communication in Optometric Practice


    .5 credit(s)
    An interactive laboratory that supplements lecture material for OPT 762 .
  
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    OPT 763 - Environ Occup Rec Vision


    2 credit(s)
    This course examines the interface between humans and the environment with emphasis on optometric concerns. Industrial/occupational, educational, and sports/recreational demands on vision and methods of evaluation. Radiation and selective absorption. Lighting and illumination. Eye hazards, blindness, and determination of disability. Motorist, pilot, and ED operator vision. Vision ergonomics and protective equipment.
  
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    OPT 765 - Seminar in Multidisc Service


    1 credit(s)
    This elective course provides an overview of current models of interdisciplinary care delivery with a focus on pediatric learning disability, brain injury, and neurological impairment. Emphasis given to case management within a multidisciplinary setting that includes professions such as education, medicine, occupational therapy, psychology, speech/language communications, and optometry. The role of vision is emphasized in diagnosis, remediation, and management. Field observations required.
  
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    OPT 768 - Opt Practice Management III


    1 credit(s)
    This course instructs students on the specifics of third party plan contracts and negotiations. Medical and vision coding and billing principles are covered in depth. The development of a practice of optometry from conceptualization, research of locations, demographics, physical plant design and equipment needs, loan procurement and financing are covered in detail. The business concepts of cost and revenue centers are developed and applied to the practice of optometry. Human resources and business resources and liabilities are examined with application to optometric practice.
  
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    OPT 769 - Opt Practice Management IV


    1 credit(s)
    This course instructs students on the higher level operations of the practice, establishing the ‘team’ of consultants for support of the business operations, managing staff, development of specialty practice revenue and cost centers, practice development and tax liabilities.
  
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    OPT 770 - Third Year Peds/Binocular Vision Service


    1.5 credit(s)
    Supervised optometric clinical management emphasizing vision therapy for pediatric, adolescent, and adult patients who present with conditions related to vision development, binocular vision, eye movement, visual information processing, and vision rehabilitation in Pacific University affiliated clinics. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    OPT 771 - Third Year Contact Lens Service


    1.5 credit(s)
    Supervised optometric clinical management of current and/or prospective contact lens wearer for cosmetic or therapeutic applications in Pacific University affiliated clinics. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    OPT 772 - Third Year ODST/Low Vision Service


    1.5 credit(s)
    Supervised optometric clinical assessment and management of patients with ocular disease, highlighting the use of special testing procedures as well as management of patients requiring low vision care and devices in Pacific University affiliated clinics. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    OPT 777 - CSI: Optometry (Clinic Sci Integration)


    2 credit(s)
    A small group, interactive, case-based, problem oriented course which encourages refinement of clinical reasoning and decision making skills in a wide variety of diagnostic and management aspects of individual patient care. Designed to improve integration of knowledge and skills learned in the basic and clinical sciences, as well as the use of evidence based resources, the course will begin with faculty directed learning and move towards self-directed learning as it proceeds.
  
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    OPT 778 - Myopia Mechanisms


    1 credit(s)
    Recent evidence based research has suggested that increased time spent outdoors and diets avoiding insulin spikes are protective against the development of myopia. The course explores the underlying biochemical and neurological mechanisms that are involved in emmetropization. We will deeply explore the neurological basis for theories of myopia progression.
  
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    OPT 779 - Advanced Ocular Surface Dryness


    1 credit(s)
    Evidence-based, advanced diagnostic and treatment procedures for ocular surface dryness will be covered.
  
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    OPT 780 - Advanced Laser & Surgical Techniques


    1 credit(s)
    Evaluating and assessing pre-operative opthalmic and general medical indications for optometric laser and associated procedures, including surgical-based anatomy/physiology, contraindications, risks, and benefits. Managing systemic and ocular complications that may be associated with optometric laser and associated procedures, including anesthesia. Obtaining appropriate informed consent, and providing acute and long-term post-operative care. Topics include anterior segment opthalmic laser procedures, office-based procedures, including light-based radiofrequency treatment, and local and topical anesthesia. Classroom instruction and laboratory simulation-based training using various surgical models, with objective structured assessment of technical skills.
  
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    OPT 806 - Patient Care VIII


    11.0 credit(s)
    Supervised and direct patient care in various specialty tracks within Pacific University affiliated clinics (Tracks 1-4) or in affiliated hospital settings, health care centers, and public or private eye and vision care centers, consisting of primary care and/or specialized health care services unique to each site (Track 5). Students may apply toward graduation one of the tracks numbered 1-4 a maximum of one time. Descriptions of all 5 tracks can be found in the Doctor of Optometry Degree Requirement section of the catalog. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    OPT 807 - Patient Care IX


    11.0 credit(s)
    Supervised and direct patient care in various specialty tracks within Pacific University affiliated clinics (Tracks 1-4) or in affiliated hospital settings, health care centers, and public or private eye and vision care centers, consisting of primary care and/or specialized health care services unique to each site (Track 5). Students may apply toward graduation one of the tracks numbered 1-4 a maximum of one time. Descriptions of all 5 tracks can be found in the Doctor of Optometry Degree Requirement section of the catalog. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    OPT 808 - Patient Care X


    11.0 credit(s)
    Supervised and direct patient care in various specialty tracks within Pacific University clinics (Tracks 1-4) or in affiliated hospital settings, health care centers, and public or private eye and vision care centers, consisting of primary care and/or specialized health care services unique to each site (Track 5). Students may apply toward graduation one of the tracks numbered 1-4 a maximum of one time. Descriptions of all 5 tracks can be found in the Doctor of Optometry Degree Requirement section of the catalog. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    OPT 809 - Patient Care XI


    11.0 credit(s)
    Supervised and direct patient care in various specialty tracks within Pacific University affiliated clinics (Tracks 1-4) or in affiliated hospital settings, health care centers, and public or private eye and vision care centers, consisting of primary care and/or specialized health care services unique to each site (Track 5). Students may apply toward graduation one of the tracks numbered 1-4 a maximum of one time. Descriptions of all 5 tracks can be found in the Doctor of Optometry Degree Requirement section of the catalog. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    OPT 827 - Web-Based Clinical Rounds


    0.5 credit(s)
    Online, evidence-based discussions, supported by cited Web-based and library referenced literature, utilizing student presented patient cases from externships sites. Cases illustrate evaluation and management of refractive, binocular, accommodative, disease, and visual information processing disorders. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    OPT 836 - Seminar in Opt Practice Management


    1 credit(s)
    This elective reinforces basic knowledge of finance, financial planning and practice financial analysis. The focus is primarily at the practical level of practice/business life. Students completing the course will gain skills in reading financial information including balance sheets, profit & loss statements, and cash flow statements. They will learn how to assess the financial health of a practice through targeted benchmarks and trend analysis. An overview of contracts, employment agreements, and partnership agreements are included.
  
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    OPT 856 - Independent Study


    0.5-15 credit(s)
  
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    OPT 906 - Seminar in Public Health


    1 credit(s)
    Review of current literature on issues related to public health. Students will read current issues of selected journals and present reports of relevant articles. Special topics will be assigned for more extensive student reports. Presentations on public health topics will be given by faculty members and invited guests. May be repeated, with a maximum of 4 credits applicable toward the degree.
  
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    OPT 909 - Seminar in Color Vision


    1 credit(s)
    Review of current literature on color vision. Students will read current issues of selected journals and present reports of relevant articles. Special topics will be assigned for more extensive student reports. Presentations on color vision will be given by faculty members and invited guests. May be repeated, with a maximum of 4 credits applicable toward the degree.
  
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    OPT 914 - Discussion of Optometric Clinical Care


    1 credit(s)
    Observation of optometric clinical practice and discussions of patient care. May be repeated for credit, with a maximum of 3 credits applicable toward the degree. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    OPT 916 - Seminar Functional Vision & Pediatrics


    1-3 credit(s)
    Review of current literature on functional vision and pediatrics. Students will read current issues of selected journals and present reports of relevant articles. Special topics will be assigned for more extensive student reports. Presentations on functional vision and pediatrics will be given by faculty members and invited guests. May be repeated for credit, with a maximum of 4 credits applicable toward the degree.
  
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    OPT 918 - Seminar in Contact Lenses


    1 credit(s)
    Review of current literature on contact lenses. Students will read current issues of selected journals and present reports of relevant articles. Special topics will be assigned for more extensive student reports. Presentations on contact lenses will be given by faculty members and invited guests. May be repeated, with a maximum of 4 credits applicable toward the degree.
  
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    OPT 956 - Independent Study


    1-12 credit(s)
    Coursework not covered by regular courses and arranged as independent study with an instructor. An independent study contract is required to register. Instructor’s consent required. hours are assigned by the instructor.
  
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    OPT 961 - Seminar Visual Info Processing


    1 credit(s)
    Review of current literature on information flow and analysis in the visual system. Students will read current issues of selected journals and present reports of relevant articles. Special topics will be assigned for more extensive student reports. Presentations on information processing will be given by faculty members and invited guests. May be repeated, with a maximum of 4 credits applicable toward the degree.
  
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    OPT 970 - Teaching Experience


    1 credit(s)
    Participate in the teaching of a course or laboratory. Arranged with individual faculty members. Instructor’s consent required. May be repeated, with a maximum of 4 credits applicable toward the degree.
  
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    OPT 991 - Research & Data Analysis Methods I


    2 credit(s)
    Research design strategies and data analysis procedures. Use of computerized data recording, analysis, and reporting procedures will be stressed. Methods for preparing material for publication or oral presentation will be covered.
  
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    OPT 992 - Research & Data Analysis Methods II


    2 credit(s)
    Continuation of research design strategies and data analysis procedures. Use of computerized data recording, analysis, and reporting procedures will be stressed. Methods for preparing material for publication or oral presentation will be covered.

Outdoor Leadership

  
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    OL 107 - Wilderness First Responder


    2 credit(s)
    Through lecture, lab and practical application, students will be introduced to the necessary skills for assessing and treating common medical problems in remote settings. The methods and common practices for wilderness medicine introduced in this course give students both a competency for treating injuries and illness and the experience that improves judgment which may prevent potential incidents. Successfully completing this course also offers a two year certification by the Wilderness Medicine Training Center. Additional course fees apply. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    OL 110 - Introduction to Expedition Planning


    2 credit(s)
    Provides students with the tools necessary for a group expedition in a rugged wilderness area outside of the United States. The focus of this course is to develop students’ judgment, decision-making, and critical thinking skills so they may more effectively participate in expeditionary trips. Students will also be exposed to regional cultural norms and intercultural communication. Students will begin developing a detailed plan(including risk management) and making local contacts in the area of their upcoming expedition.
    Offered: Offered in Fall.

    Core Requirement(s): Counts as Core requirement: International and Diverse Perspectives.
  
  
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    OL 158 - Introduction to Rock Climbing


    2 credit(s)
    Students will learn gear identification, climbing knots, safety protocols, climbing movements, and descending techniques while discovering the joy of rock climbing. This course provides students with the basic techniques to successfully top rope climb on their own and involves in-field experiences. Drops or withdraws from the class will be responsible for accrued expenses. See Program Coordinator for more details. Instructor consent required.
    Prerequisite(s): OL 205 and OL 206 each with a minimum grade of C
    Corequisite(s): OL 399 (Outdoor Adventure Semeseter + fees)
  
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    OL 159 - Introduction to Paddle Sports


    2 credit(s)
    Students will study the various forms of paddle sports (e.g., kayaking, white water rafting, stand-up paddle boarding, canoeing), the history and origins of paddle sports, equipment used, and the designs of each craft. Technical skill development will takeplace in field settings and may include discussions and/or practice of boat control, rescue techniques, communication, and risk management. Drops or withdraws from the class will be responsible for accrued expenses. See Program Coordinator for more details. Instructor consent required.
    Prerequisite(s): OL 205 and OL 206 each with a minimum grade of C
    Corequisite(s): OL 399 (Outdoor Adventure Semester + fees)
  
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    OL 195 - Independent Study


    See department for details. Independent study contract required.
  
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    OL 205 - Outdoor Leadership Theory


    2 credit(s)
    Intended for anyone interested in learning to lead more effectively. Introduction to the principles and practices of leading others using outdoor adventure trips as the construct for effective decision-making, managing group dynamics, and accomplishing clear objectives as a team. Emphasis on learning how to teach using experiential education principles, on developing students’ group facilitation skills, and on making decisions to manage risk appropriately. Students will learn leadership theories and apply these theories to case studies.
    Offered: Offered every Fall.

    Prerequisite(s): OL 206  (may be taken concurrently).
  
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    OL 206 - Outdoor Leadership Practice


    2 credit(s)
    Course takes outdoor leadership theory discussed in OL 205 and applies it to the mountains, rivers, and lakes. Students will methodically plan, execute, and debrief an outdoor adventure trip(s); including determining trip objectives, understanding theparticipants involved, evaluating weather, selecting equipment, reading maps, acquiring permits, rationing food, and practicing “Leave No Trace” principles. Participation fee required for transportation, food, permits, and campsites. Drops or withdraws from the class will be responsible for accrued expenses.
    Offered: Offered every Fall.

    Prerequisite(s): OL 205  (may be taken concurrently). 
  
  
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    OL 260 - Introduction to Mountaineering


    2 credit(s)
    Students will explore the joy of mountain travel and learn the benefits of travelling light while maintaining their comfort level. In this course they develop the ability to use an ice axe and crampons, route find, and assess risks in moderate mountain terrain. Students’ ability to manage their personal backpacking systems will be analyzed and developed. Students will work on small group communication, conflict resolution, time management, judgment and decision-making,and self-awareness techniques in the context of mountain travel. Drops or withdraws from the class will be responsible for accrued expenses. Prerequiste: OL 205 and OL 206 each with a minimum grade of C. Instructor’s Consent required.
    Core Requirement(s): Counts toward core requirement: Sustainability
    Corequisite(s): OL 399 (Outdoor Adventure Semester + fees)
  
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    OL 295 - Independent Study


    See department for details. Independent study contract required.
  
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    OL 307 - Applied Outdoor Leadership


    4 credit(s)
    Focuses on developing students’ judgment, decision making and critical thinking skills to facilitate leading others on outdoor trips. Uses case studies and student-led trips with instructor supervision to increase students’ ability to handle challenging outdoor leadership experiences. Risk management, planning & logistics, leadership, environmental integration and teaching skills are developed. Content includes facilitating challenge experiences and group decision making. Involves weekend outdoor trips where these skills are applied, one of which is a required 9-day outing. Participation fee required to support special costs of class outings (e.g., transportation, food, campsites and permits). If a student drops or withdraws after some expenses have been accrued the student will be responsible for those.
    Prerequisite(s): OL 205 .
  
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    OL 310 - International Expedition


    2 credit(s)
    Allows students to apply the learning from OL 110  on adventure trip in an international setting. Students develop judgment, decision-making, and critical thinking skills so that they can more effectively plan and execute expeditionary trips on their own in the future. During travel, students will participate in a week-long wilderness expedition while working alongside local guides. Students will experience growth by opening themselves to new ways of thinking and seeing the world.
    Offered: Offered in Winter.

    Core Requirement(s): Counts as Core requirement: International & Diverse Perspectives
    Prerequisite(s): OL 110 .
  
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    OL 330 - Expedition Behavior


    2 credit(s)
    Investigates the optimal interpersonal behaviors necessary for group travel in the backcountry. Students will study the specific communication, conflict management, and goal setting techniques that enhance a group’s chances of success. Also, social systems and cultural aspects of both historical and current forms of expedition travel will be compared, contrasted, and applied to group problem solving and decision making in the field. Drops or withdraws from the class will be responsible for accrued expenses.
    Prerequisite(s): OL 205 and OL 206 each with a minimum grade of C
    Corequisite(s): OL 399 (Outdoor Adventure Semester + fees)
  
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    OL 340 - Risk Management in Recreation & Sport


    2 credit(s)
    Students will understand and apply dynamic risk management theories and models to immersive case studies and interactive scenarios. Students will be able to better identify physical, mental, emotional and financial risks in their personal, business, athletic, and outdoor adventure experiences. The latest research and best practices for measuring risk level, assessing potential threats, identifying and responding to novel risk events, and protecting core values will be examined. This course exposes students to the importance of taking calculated risks in their day to day life in order to grow personally and increase their positive influence on others.
    Prerequisite(s): SLAM 201 with a minimum grade of C
  
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    OL 358 - Sport Climbing Instructor


    4 credit(s)
    Students develop the ability to sport lead-climb on bolted routes, manage risk, perform vertical transitions and interventions, and increase capacity to find flow state while in the vertical environment. Students learn how to build sport climbing anchors, evaluate equipment, and grow as a sport climber. Investigation of sustainability concerns in local climbing areas and how to increase EDIin the climbing community will be researched and addressed. Drops or withdraws from the class will be responsible for accrued expenses. See Program Coordinator for more details. Prerequiste: OL 107, OL 205, and OL 206.
    Corequisite(s): OL 158 and OL 399 (Outdoor Adventure Semeseter + fees)
  
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    OL 359 - Fundamentals of Whitewater


    4 credit(s)
    Introduces the fundamentals of whitewater in a remote expeditionary setting, and focuses on self- and team-rescue, maneuvering various crafts through class I-IV whitewater rivers, paddle captaining and rowing techniques, river expedition skill sets, risk management, and decision making. After the course, students should have the confidence and technical ability to apply as an entry-level whitewater guide. Students will investigate issues relating to the local watershed, its water-dependent industries, and EDI in the guide/outfitter industry. Drops or withdraws from the class will be responsible for accrued expenses.
    Prerequisite(s): OL 107, OL 205, and OL 206 each with a minimum grade of C
    Corequisite(s): OL 159 and OL 399 (Outdoor Adventure Semester + fees)
  
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    OL 360 - Fundamentals of Alpinism


    2 credit(s)
    Students discover the challenges and rewards of climbing glaciated mountains. They will evaluate and apply the most modern alpine climbing techniques. In this course students will develop the ability to use an ice axe and crampons, move efficiently as a rope team through glaciated terrain, perform crevasse rescues, assess mountain weather, and evaluate the current snowpack for avalanche risks. Students will complete their Avalanche II training in this course. Drops or withdraws from the class will be responsible for accrued expenses. See Program Coordinator for more details.
    Prerequisite(s): OL 107, OL 205, and OL 206 each with a minimum grade of C
    Corequisite(s): OL 260 and OL 399 (Outdoor Adventure Semester + fees)
  
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    OL 395 - Independent Study


    See department for details. Independent study contract required.
  
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    OL 399 - Outdoor Adventure Semester


    0 credit(s)
    Students will spend the semester off campus in rustic accommodations while participating in epic outdoor adventure expeditions throughout the Pacific Northwest. Expeditions may include rock climbing, rafting, sea kayaking, backpacking, and/or mountaineering in the North Cascades and central Oregon. Students are required to take at least 12 credits of academic classes that are offered specifically for this semester. This experience will be a significant step forward in preparing students for an outdoor adventure profession. Participation fee required for transportation, campsites, permits, equipment, and food. See Program Coordinator for details. Instructor consent required. 0 credits. Pass/No Pass
    Prerequisite(s): OL 205, OL 206 and declared Outdoor Leadership major or Outdoor Leadership: Applied minor
  
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    OL 407 - Outdoor Leadership Seminar


    2 credit(s)
    Will help students synthesize the principles, practices, theories, ethics and philosophy presented throughout the pursuit of the Outdoor Leadership Major and Minor. It will also look at how outdoor leadership skills learned can be applied to future professions in the outdoors and within other careers.
    Prerequisite(s): OL 205  with minimum grade C.
  
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    OL 408 - Rock Guide


    2 credit(s)
    Students will develop their ability to guide on single pitch and multi-pitch climbs. Students will learn how to place traditionalrock climbing gearand move with clients efficiently in a variety of rock climbing terrains. Students will develop their client care, teaching ability, and risk management in the vertical environment. An emphasis will be placed on moving efficiently and coaching clients to maximize their experience. Participation fee required for transportation, campsites,and permits.Drops or withdraws from the class will be responsible for accrued expenses. Previously offered as OL 308. Previously Listed As: OL 308. 
    Prerequisite(s): OL 358  with a minimum grade of C
  
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    OL 409 - Whitewater Guide


    2 credit(s)
    Introduces more advanced techniques for navigating hazards and the prevention of accidents in a whitewater environment. Classroom and field-based settings will provide experiential learning opportunities with an emphasis on scenario-based learning. Additionally, students will practice various instructional and teaching techniques specific to whitewater paddlingand have theopportunity to obtain Swift Water Rescue certificate.Participant fee fortransportation, campsites, permits, equipmentand food.Drops or withdraws from the class will be responsible for accrued expenses. Previously Listed As: OL 309.
    Prerequisite(s): OL 359  with a minimum grade of C
  
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    OL 475 - Internship


    See department for details. Internship contract required.
  
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    OL 479 - Field Experience/Practicum


    1 credit(s)
    Educational field experience tailored to student’s professional goals, where students carefully and thoughtfully apply content from coursework to the situation in which they are engaged. A learning contract with the host site will be developed to guide student requirements and outcomes. Instructor’s Consent reuqired. May be repeated for credit Pass/No Pass
    Prerequisite(s): OL 205 and OL 206 each with a minimum grade of C, Junior Standing (60 or more completed credits)
  
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    OL 499 - Senior Capstone


    2 credit(s)
    Capstone experience for Outdoor Leadership majors. In consultation with faculty, students will propose and complete a culminating project or experience integrating programmatic knowledge in an applied setting.
    Prerequisite(s): SLAM 300W , 2 credits minimum of OL 479 , Senior Standing. Instructor’s Consent required. 

PACU

  
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    PACU 120 - Calling BS: Fact Checking


    1 credit(s)
    Misinformation runs amok in the public and scientific spheres. In this course you will learn how to sniff out BS in many forms including; data analyses and graphic displays that miscommunicate information, faulty claims conflating correlation  with causation, and “fake news.” Pass/No Pass.
  
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    PACU 125 - Financial Literacy


    1 credit(s)
    How is a credit score calculated? Why does it matter? How do I decide where to spend my money and when to save it? How is student loan debt treated differently from other forms of debt? Find answers to these questions and more in this self-paced online course module on financial literacy and planning. Pass/No Pass.
    Offered: Summer

  
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    PACU 146 - Luau Company


    1 credit(s)
    Luau production activities (dance, music, technical). Minimum contribution of 30 documented hours. May be repeated for credit. Up to 8 activity credits may count toward the 124 credits required for graduation. Pass/No Pass.
  
  
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    PACU 190 - Advantage: Pathways to Professions


    0-1 credit(s)
    An introductory course surveying professons within the targeted career areas of Health & Life Science and STEM, Social Impact, the Creative Arts & Humanities, and other areas. Both classroom and online guest speakers employed in professions relating to these areas discuss their educational background and current position. Students will gain awareness of career options and skills in utilizing tools for further exploration as well as begin building career competencies. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    PACU 200 - Career Exploration


    2 credit(s)
    Helps students critically examine and articulate career interests, individual strengths/skills, and work values related to the demands of various professions. Includes opportunities for students to engage in exploration of how their academic work and major areas of study may be aligned with their career plans. Pass/No Pass.
  
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    PACU 220 - Personal Wellness


    1 credit(s)
    What can you do when college life feels overwhelming and stressful? This course introduces students to short-term and long-term strategies for maintaining resilience and healthy ways to develop a better sense of balance in their life. This is a course meant to engage students during summer as they rise to Sophomore or Junior status. Pass/No Pass.
  
  
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    PACU 275 - Internship


    1 credit(s)
    See Internship Coordinator for details. Internship contract required.
  
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    PACU 290 - Advantage: Experiential Development


    0-1 credit(s)
    Designed for sophomores in the Advantage Program. Students should select the section aligned with their career interests in: Health & Life Science and STEM, Social Impact, or the Creative Arts & Humanities, and other areas. Course topics include: resume development, professiona communication and presentation, career management, gaining experience in specific careers, community involvement, and strategic planning. May be repeated for credit. Pass/No Pass.
    Prerequisite(s): PACU 190  and Instructor’s Consent required.
  
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    PACU 390 - Advantage: Grad School Applications


    0-1 credit(s)
    Designed for juniors and seniors in the Advantage Program who are preparing to apply to Graduate School. Course topics include: application research and review, developing application materials, interviewing, financial planning, and strategic thinking. Pass/No Pass.
    Prerequisite(s): PACU 290  and Instructor’s consent required.
  
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    PACU 391 - Advantage: Career Applications


    Designed for juniors and seniors in the Advantage Program and preparing to apply for employment and career work. Course topics include: job search, networking, application research and review, developing appliaction materials, interviewing, financial planning, and strategic thinking. Pass/No Pass.
    Prerequisite(s): PACU 290  and Instructor’s consent required.
  
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    PACU 395 - Independent Study


    See department for details.
  
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    PACU 475 - Internship


    1-14 credit(s)
    See Internship Coordinator in Academic and Career Advising Center for details. Internship Learning Contract required.
 

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